Norwegian Fantasy Landscapes of Lars Hertervig

 “Clearly this was a man for whom the elements were to be revered. The lights and darks are violent, and the flora and fauna have something to speak.


 

 

July 5th, 2016  by M. Elise Hillestad

 

For schizophrenic 19th century Norwegian painter Lars Hertervig, the landscape was wildly alive and telling a story. As evidenced in his gnarled trees, hunching like centenarian men, the crumbling of watercolored boulders, and clouds gestating storms, Hertervig’s paintings do not lack for narrative, even in their absence of human figures. Nature is ecstatic, and the eye travels its depths and planes as though in a dreamscape. 

Born in Borgøy in islands off of Norway’s South Western coast to Quaker farmer parents, Lars taught himself to draw in the forest, using charcoal on wood. Surrounded by piety and wilderness, he began to develop inner landscapes and a surreal vision. Hertervig studied painting in Düsseldorf Germany under Hans Gude, and is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting, a movement characterized by intricate landscapes imbued with allegorical symbolism, and which influenced the Hudson River School.

In 1854, while at the school, Hertervig experienced a mental break. He spent a year and a half in the Gaustad asylum, where he received several diagnoses of illness, including schizophrenia, and melancholia. Melancholia was a pre-modern medicine concept of mental condition, which was believed to be caused by an excess of black bile in the body, and by the influence of Saturn on the morose and solitary sufferer. The famous allegorical engraving of Albrecht Dürer titled Melancholia is thought to depict this state and its particular affliction on the creative individual, as he is preoccupied with meditation on mortality. In Hertervig’s drawings of forest interiors, with their crippled pines and vague line work, it’s easy to imagine faces and figures. It’s likely that hallucinations contributed to the fantasy landscapes created by Hertervig.

Eventually Hertervig was taken under the care of family members at a farm near  Stavanger, and the following years saw more serene paintings of isles, placid waters and electric cerulean Norwegian skies. Still, in these works the clouds are always tumultuous; almost apocalyptic. Clearly this was a man for whom the elements were to be revered. The lights and darks are violent, and the flora and fauna have something to speak. In the last thirty years of his life, Hertervig lived in the poorhouse, unable to cope financially. He made paintings with the materials he could afford- watercolor and gouache, on pasted together bits of tobacco paper and newsprint. It is truly tragic that Hertervig never knew appreciation for his work in his own life time. Success arrived only twelve years posthumously, when his works were promoted at the 1914 Jubilee Exhibition in Kristiania, now Oslo. Hertervig is now considered one of the most important Norwegian painters.

 

1853                                                       

                                       Store steiner på stranden, 1853  by Lars Hertervig

 

1855

Kystparti, 1855  by Lars Hertervig

1856

                          Fra Tysvær, 1856  by Lars Hertervig

1858

                                          Landskap med foss, 1858  by Lars Hertervig

1863canvas                                           

                    Myrlendt landskap med fire jegere, 1863  by Lars Hertervig

1865

Skogtjern, 1865  by Lars Hertervig

1865 Gamle_furutrær

Gamle furutrær, 1865  by Lars Hertervig

1866

Fjordbunn III, 1866  by Lars Hertervig

 

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